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TFTP Timeout Interval and Transfer Size Options.
G. Malkin, A. Harkin. March 1995.

 
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Network Working Group G. Malkin Request for Comments: 1784 Xylogics, Inc. Updates: 1350 A. Harkin Category: Standards Track Hewlett Packard Co. March 1995 TFTP Timeout Interval and Transfer Size Options Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract The Trivial File Transfer Protocol [1] is a simple, lock-step, file transfer protocol which allows a client to get or put a file onto a remote host. This document describes two TFTP options. The first allows the client and server to negotiate the Timeout Interval. The second allows the side receiving the file to determine the ultimate size of the transfer before it begins. The TFTP Option Extension mechanism is described in [2]. This document assumes that the reader is familiar with the terminology and notation of both [1] and [2]. Timeout Interval Option Specification The TFTP Read Request or Write Request packet is modified to include the timeout option as follows: +-------+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+ | opc |filename| 0 | mode | 0 | timeout| 0 | #secs | 0 | +-------+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+ opc The opcode field contains either a 1, for Read Requests, or 2, for Write Requests, as defined in [1]. filename The name of the file to be read or written, as defined in [1]. This is a NULL-terminated field. Malkin & Harkin [Page 1]
RFC 1784 TFTP Options March 1995 mode The mode of the file transfer: "netascii", "octet", or "mail", as defined in [1]. This is a NULL-terminated field. timeout The Timeout Interval option, "timeout" (case insensitive). This is a NULL-terminated field. #secs The number of seconds to wait before retransmitting, specified in ASCII. Valid values range between "1" and "255" octets, inclusive. This is a NULL-terminated field. For example: +-------+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+ | 1 | foobar | 0 | binary | 0 | timeout| 0 | 1 | 0 | +-------+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+ is a Read Request, for the file named "foobar", in binary transfer mode, with a timeout interval of 1 second. If the server is willing to accept the timeout option, it sends an Option Acknowledgment (OACK) to the client. The specified timeout value must match the value specified by the client. Transfer Size Option Specification The TFTP Read Request or Write Request packet is modified to include the tsize option as follows: +-------+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+ | opc |filename| 0 | mode | 0 | tsize | 0 | size | 0 | +-------+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+---~~---+---+ opc The opcode field contains either a 1, for Read Requests, or 2, for Write Requests, as defined in [1]. filename The name of the file to be read or written, as defined in [1]. This is a NULL-terminated field. mode The mode of the file transfer: "netascii", "octet", or "mail", as defined in [1]. This is a NULL-terminated field. Malkin & Harkin [Page 2]
RFC 1784 TFTP Options March 1995 tsize The Transfer Size option, "tsize" (case insensitive). This is a NULL-terminated field. size The size of the file to be transfered, specified as a NULL-terminated ASCII string. For example: +-------+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+ | 2 | foobar | 0 | binary | 0 | tsize | 0 | 673312 | 0 | +-------+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+--------+---+ is a Write Request, with the 673312-octet file named "foobar", in binary transfer mode. In Read Request packets, a size of "0" is specified in the request and the size of the file, in octets, is returned in the OACK. If the file is too large for the client to handle, it may abort the transfer with an Error packet (error code 3). In Write Request packets, the size of the file, in octets, is specified in the request and echoed back in the OACK. If the file is too large for the server to handle, it may abort the transfer with an Error packet (error code 3). Security Considerations Security issues are not discussed in this memo. References [1] Sollins, K., "The TFTP Protocol (Revision 2)", STD 33, RFC 1350, MIT, July 1992. [2] Malkin, G., and A. Harkin, "TFTP Option Extension", RFC 1782, Xylogics, Inc., Hewlett Packard Co., March 1995. Malkin & Harkin [Page 3]
RFC 1784 TFTP Options March 1995 Authors' Addresses Gary Scott Malkin Xylogics, Inc. 53 Third Avenue Burlington, MA 01803 Phone: (617) 272-8140 EMail: gmalkin@xylogics.com Art Harkin Internet Services Project Information Networks Division 19420 Homestead Road MS 43LN Cupertino, CA 95014 Phone: (408) 447-3755 EMail: ash@cup.hp.com Malkin & Harkin [Page 4]

   

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